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Mesua ferrea or known as penaga lilin, Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnut, or cobra’s saffron, belongs to the family Calophyllaceae. The tree is native to Sri Lanka, India, southern Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, the Philippines, Malaysia and Sumatra. It grows in evergreen forests, especially in river valleys. In the Himalayas and India the tree can grow at up to 1500 m altitude and at up to 1000 m altitude in Sri Lanka. As the name “ironwood” indicates, the wood of this tree is very heavy, hard and strong, deep dark red in colour. The flowers, leaves, seeds and roots have medicinal [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="88" align="center"][/wppa] Belian (Eusideroxylon zwageri) is a hardwood tree that does not belong to dipterocarp group. This tree belongs to the family Lauraceae. Belian tree is a tree species that grows slowly and will take up to 120 years to reach 30 cm diameter. However, the seed germinates easily if given a suitable environment. This tree can grow up to 30 m height with trunk diameter reaching 1 m. Belian seeds are poisonous and very hard. The natural distribution is Indonesia (Kalimantan and Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak Borneo) and the Philippines. It is known as Belian (Sabah and Sarawak Borneo); Borneo Ironwood (European [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="49" align="center"][/wppa] Sterculia parviflora is a species of plant in the Sterculiaceae family. It is known as kelumpang burung, because birds love to eat its’s fruit. Sterculia is taken from “Sterculius” (the god of manure) of Roman mythology. This is referring to the unpleasant aroma of the flowers of this genus. Sterculia parviflora is claimed as one of the larger Sterculia trees to be found in this region. This tree can grow up to 7-20 m tall and girth reaching up to 180 cm with pinkish bark. It has a simple leave with oblong to elliptic oblong shape of [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="50" align="center"][/wppa] Brazil nut or Bertholletia excelsa is a South American tree. This tree belongs to the family Lecythidaceae and the only species in the monotypic genus of Bertholletia. It is native to the Guianas, Venezuela, Brazil, eastern Colombia, eastern Peru, and eastern Bolivia. It occurs as scattered trees in large forests on the banks of the Amazon River, Rio Negro, Tapajós and the Orinoco. The brazil nut is a large tree, reaching 30-45 m tall and with a trunk 1-2 m in diameter, making it among the largest of trees in the Amazon rainforests. It may live for [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="51" align="center"][/wppa] Kerdas or Pithecellobium bubalinum is a large, shady tree that belongs to the family Fabaceae. This tree usually grows wild in the forest and can be up to 25 m tall. In some areas in Malaysia, Pithecellobium bubalinum is also known as genuak. Originating from Malaysia and Indonesia, kerdas tree grows in the tropics especially in Southeast Asia. Kerdas wood has a hard bark, gray-brown in colour and can be used as firewood. The wood is also processed for other uses. The leaves are soft-textured and green when old while the young shoots are purple. The flowers [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="52" align="center"][/wppa] Hopea odorata or merawan siput jantan is also known locally by other interesting names such as cengal pasir, cengal kampung, cengal pulau and cengal mas. As implied in these local names, H. odorata belongs to the same family as the true cengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii) namely Dipterocarpaeae. Naturally, H. odorata is distributed from Indo-China, Myanmar, Thailand, Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia to the Andaman Islands. In Peninsular Malaysia, it commonly occurs in the northern part mainly in the state of Perlis, Kedah, Perak, Kelantan and Terengganu. The tree is basically a riparian species and is normally found near river or [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="40" align="center"][/wppa] Syzygium campanulatum belongs to family Myrtaceae or the sea apple family. It originates from South East Asia and is popularly used as an urban landscaping plant due to its hardiness and adaptability. Also known as the wild cinnamon, the species can easily be planted as trees, hedges or shaped into topiaries. Syzygium campanulatum produces attractive reddish or pink leaf shoots all year round and flushes exceptionally after pruning. Syzygium campanulatum trees can be seen at FRIMs main entrance where they were planted in 1992 as a hedge for view screening. Fowering kelat paya trees planted in 2011 [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="35" align="center"][/wppa] Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as bidara, Chinese apple, jujube, Indian plum or masau belongs to the family Rhamnaceae and originates from Indo-malayan region. The tree is spiny up to 15 m high, with spreading crown; stipular spines and drooping branches. The fruit is of variable shape and size, a bit juicy and has a pleasant aroma. The fruit is edible to human and also eaten by squirrels and birds. The tree has became a weed species in Australia where the fruits are eaten by cattle. Ziziphus mauritiana can be seen flowering and fruiting near the [...]
[wppa type="slide" album="34" align="center"][/wppa] Dryobalanops oblongifolia or keladan is a tree species of Dipterocarpaceae family, a close relative to kapur or Dryobalanops aromatica which is an important source of camphor. The species name oblongifolia refers to the shape of the leaf, (oblongus = rather long and folium = leaf) while aromatica refers to the aromatics in kapur trees. Keladan timber is moderately heavy and traded under the kapur group, used for wharf decking, bridges, shipbuilding and railway sleepers. The fruits make excellent raw vegetable. Keladan are emergent trees, about 55 m tall, found in mixed dipterocarp forests of Borneo, Sumatera and Peninsular Malaysia. Keladan is [...]